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Subj: THE SPECIAL ED ADVOCATE, VOL. II, NO. 6 (FEB. 23, 1999)
Date: 2/23/99 5:51:05 AM Pacific Standard Time
From: webmaster@wrightslaw.com (Pam + Pete Wright)
Sender: owner-special-ed-advocate@wrightslaw.com
To: special-ed-advocate@wrightslaw.com

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The Special Ed Advocate

The Online Newsletter About

Special Education and the Law

February 22, 1999 Vol. II, No. 6

Visit us today at:

http://www.wrightslaw.com

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This newsletter is never sent unsolicited. You received the newsletter because you subscribed to The Special Ed Advocate.

If your email address changes, please unsubscribe your old email address and subscribe your new email address. Directions about how to subscribe and unsubscribe are at the end of this newsletter.

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The Special Ed Advocate is a free online newsletter about special education legal issues, cases, tactics and strategy, effective educational methods, and Internet links.

We publish this newsletter occasionally, when time permits. Back issues of The Special Ed Advocate are archived at our web site - http://www.wrightslaw.com

As a subscriber to The Special Ed Advocate, you will receive announcements and "alerts" about new cases and other events. Contact, copyright, and subscription information can be found at the end of this newsletter.
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THE SPECIAL ED ADVOCATE, FEBRUARY 22, 1999

1. HELP! WRIGHTSLAW CONDUCTS SURVEY

2. NEWS FLASH! Countdown on Final IDEA Regs

3. U. S. SUPREME COURT UPDATE: Cedar Rapids v. Garret F.

4. NEW: WHAT IS YOUR CIRCUIT?

5. EDITOR’S CHOICE FROM THE BOOKSTORE

6. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION

7. CONTACT INFORMATION
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1. HELP! WRIGHTSLAW CONDUCTS SURVEY

Does Your State Publish Due Process Decisions On the Internet?

Are Your State Special Education Regulations Published on the Internet?

We have learned that some states post all due process decisions on the
Internet.

The Texas Division of Special Education Hearing Decisions goes further. In addition to publishing the decisions, Texas includes a search feature on their site. You can search the decisions by Docket Number, Petitioner, Respondent, Hearing Officer or Issue.
http://www.tea.state.tx.us/special.ed/hearings/logg.html

We commend the state of Texas for providing parents and advocates with information about their legal rights and responsibilities.

Other states publish little useful information. This caused us to ask, “How many states publish information about due process decisions and special education regulations on the Internet?”
We don’t know so we decided to ask for your help. We are conducting a SURVEY of newsletter recipients for answers to three questions.

DUE PROCESS DECISIONS

1. Does your state publish its due process decisions on the Internet?
Yes or No.

If “Yes,” please provide us with the URL (internet address) for due
process decisions.

SPECIAL ED REGS

2. Does your state publish special education regulations on the
Internet? Yes or No.

If “Yes,” please provide us with the URL (internet address) for your
state regulations.

BY STATE

3. Your State of Residence.

If you have answers to these questions, please send your answers by email to
survey@wrightslaw.com  For a printable copy of the survey, go to http://www.wrightslaw.com/news/news_wrightslaw_survey_9902.htm

After we tally your responses, we’ll post our findings on the web site.

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2. NEWS FLASH! Countdown on Final IDEA Regs

In June, 1997, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was re-authorized. In October, 1997, the U. S. Department of Education published the “Proposed Regs” in the Federal Register. Eighteen months later, the Final IDEA Regulations have not been issued by the U. S.
Department of Education.

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is responsible for reviewing new regulations to ensure that they are “consistent with change.” Reliable sources advise that the OMB released the Final IDEA Regulations to the U. S. Department of Education on February 18, 1999.

The Department of Education is preparing to publish the Final IDEA Regs.

The DOE has “tentatively scheduled” satellite teleconferences for Wednesday, March 3 and Wednesday, March 10, 1999 from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST. Questions will be fielded by Judy Heumann and Tom Hehir of the U. S. Department of Education.

Subscribers to The Special Ed Advocate will receive an Alert when the Final IDEA Regs are released.

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3. U. S. SUPREME COURT UPDATE: CEDAR RAPIDS V. GARRET F.

On Thursday, November 5, 1998, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in the Cedar Rapids v. Garret F. case. Garret is a high school student who was paralyzed at age four in a motorcycle accident. On February 22, 1999, the Supreme Court has still not issued a final ruling
in Garret’s case.

BACKGROUND

Garret’s mother asked the school to pay the cost of providing an attendant. She believes that the school district should provide Garret with an attendant as a service under the Individuals with Disabilities Act. The IDEA provides that all children with disabilities will receive
a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE). School districts are required to provide "special education and related services."

The federal trial judge and the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit ruled for Garret and against the school district. The appeals court decided that because the care Garret receives is not provided by a doctor, it is not exempt as a medical service.

The key issue in Garret’s case relates to nursing care that must be provided by his school district so he can attend school.

HOW THE U. S. SUPREME COURT DECIDES

After hearing oral argument in a case, the Supreme Court Justices meet a few days later to cast their votes and decide how and by whom the decision will be written.

Traditionally, these meetings are held on Wednesday and Friday. If oral argument is on Monday or Tuesday, the outcome is decided at the Wednesday meeting. If oral argument is on Thursday, the outcome is decided in the Friday meeting.

If the decision is unanimous, a Justice is appointed to write the decision. This decision will be passed back and forth between the Justices for corrections before it is issued.

If the decision is not unanimous, the Justices decide who will write portions of the decision during these meetings. Drafts that concur with and oppose the majority opinion are reviewed and edited by the Justices until the final decision is ready for release. If a long time passes between oral argument and issuance of the decision, this suggests that the decision may be split.

UPDATE ON GARRET’S CASE

More than three months have passed since the Supreme Court heard oral argument in Garret’s case. The Supreme Court has not issued a decision in Garret’s case. The Supreme Court has issued decisions in cases that were argued after Garret’s case.

Burlington (1985) and Carter (1993) were unanimous decisions by the Supreme Court. The decisions in Burlington and Carter were issued within five weeks of oral argument.

The long wait in Garret’s case leads us to wonder if the decision is not unanimous.

The Eighth Circuit’s decision in Garret’s case is in the Law Library - http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/case_cedar_rapids.html

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4. CIRCUIT FINDER

Do you know your circuit? As we wrote the update about Garret’s case, we wondered how many readers knew the circuit they live in. Garret lives in Iowa which is in the Eighth Circuit. Eighth Circuit decision are binding in these seven states:

North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
Arkansas

What Circuit do you live in? Use our new Circuit Finder at http://www.wrightslaw.com/advoc/articles/law_circuit_finder.htm

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5. EDITOR’S CHOICE FROM ADVOCATE’S BOOKSTORE

What are Special Ed Advocates reading?

“Negotiating the Special Education Maze: A Guide for Parents & Teachers” is a bestseller.

Here are some comments about “Negotiating the Special Education Maze:”
"A MUST have reference for parents of a special ed child. If your child is in special education, this book is beyond value. It explains the processes involved, what schools are and are not permitted to do, and what you and they must do. This book gives you the base you need to work on behalf of your child."

"No parent facing a school's 'child study team' should be without this. You'll be amazed at the rights you and your child actually have!" For information about “Negotiating the Special Ed Maze” and other good books about advocacy, go to http://www.wrightslaw.com/bkstore/bks_law.htm

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6. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION

To subscribe to The Special Ed Advocate, send an email to majordomo@wrightslaw.com

In the beginning of your message, insert the following words exactly, with the hyphens, all lowercase - subscribe special-ed-advocate

You will receive an automatic, computerized confirmation that your request "has been forwarded to the owner of the special-ed-advocate list for approval and that it is a closed list." Within a couple of days, you will receive a message confirming that you are a subscriber.

To unsubscribe to The Special Ed Advocate, send an email to majordomo@wrightslaw.com

In the beginning of your message, insert the following words exactly, with the hyphens, all lowercase - unsubscribe special-ed-advocate

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7. CONTACT INFORMATION

Pete and Pam Wright
c/o The Special Ed Advocate
P. O. Box 1008
Deltaville, VA 23043
Phone: 804-257-0857

Website: http://www.wrightslaw.com Email: webmaster@wrightslaw.com

The resources at this website are copyrighted by the authors. They may be used for non-commercial purposes only. They may not be redistributed for commercial purposes without the express written consent of Peter W. D. Wright.

It is not necessary to obtain our consent to link to our website or copy, print and distribute our articles and newsletters for nonprofit purposes so long as the material is reproduced in its entirety and credit is given to Pete and Pam Wright and "wrightslaw" including the
URL - http://www.wrightslaw.com

Copyright 1999, Peter W. D. Wright and Pamela Darr Wright. All rights reserved.