NLDline

Thanks to Joan Scott for permitting NLDline to list her excellent NLD resource.

List of references on

NON-VERBAL LEARNING DISABILITIES

Compiled by Joan Scott, Montreal, Canada

Joan sits on the Board of Directors of ASPEN of America, Inc.

e-mail: joan.scott@sympatico.ca

______________________________________________________________________________

 BOOKS:

Attention Deficit Disorder and Learning Disabilities: Realities, Myths and Controversial Treatments, Barbara D. Ingersoll and Sam Goldstein, 1993, Doubleday, NY (ISBN #0-38546-931-4) - (a readable, informative overview of ADD/LD, including a section on NLD, which they refer to as "visual-motor learning disability". Most of the book is devoted to treatments, including alternative ones, of which the authors largely disapprove).

Child Neuropsychology: An Introduction to Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice, Byron P. Rourke, Dirk J. Bakker, John L. Fisk and John D. Strang, 1991, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-89862-468-1)

Child Neuropsychology: Assessment and Interventions for Neuropsychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Disorders of Childhood, Phyllis Anne Teeter and Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, 1997, Allyn & Bacon, MA (ISBN #0-20516-331-9)

Cognitive Rehabilitation: Models for Intervention in Occupational Therapy, Nooni Katz, 1992, Butterworth-Heinemann, (ISBN #1-56372-038-8)

Connecting With Others : Lessons for Teaching Social and Emotional Competence : Grades 3-5, Rita C. Richardson, 1996, Research Press (ISBN #0-87822-363-0)

Diagnosing Learning Disorders: A Neuropsychological Framework, Bruce F. Pennington, 1991, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-89862-563-7) - (very scholarly, hard slogging. Thorough section on NLD, which he calls "right hemisphere L.D." Questions social skills component of NLD, referring it to only as a math and handwriting disability. But informative anyway).

Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ, Daniel Goleman, 1995, Bantam Books, NY (ISBN #0-553-09503-X) - (doesn’t specifically refer to NLD, but very applicable. Suggests that emotions, social skills, temperment, etc. are more important than IQ in daily life, and discusses treatments).

Faking It: A Look into the Mind of a Creative Learner, Christopher M. Lee, Rosemary F. Jackson, 1992, Boynton/Cook Pub., (ISBN # 0-86709-296-3)

Good Friends Are Hard to Find : Help Your Child Find, Make and Keep Friends, Fred Frankel, Barry Wetmore, 1996, Perspective Pub., (ISBN #0-96220-367-X)

Helping the Child Who Doesn’t Fit In, Stephen Nowicki and Marshall Duke, 1992, Peachtree Publishers, GA (ISBN # 1-56145-025-1)

Helping Young Children Develop Social Skills : The Social Growth Program , Cheryl A. Polewach King, Daniel S. Kirschenbaum, 1992, Brooks/Cole Pub Co (ISBN # 0-5341-7016-1)

It’s Nobody’s Fault, Harold S. Koplewicz, 1996, Times Books division of Random House, NY (ISBN #0-8129-2473-8) - (biology of childhood disorders, behavioral & emotional problems, including anxiety/phobias etc. Good advice on the role of medication)

Learning Disabilities : A Neuropsychological Perspective (Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol 30), Byron P. Rourke, Jerel E. Del Dotto, 1994, Sage Publications, (ISBN # 0-80395-354-2)

Learning Disabilities and Psychosocial Functioning: A Neuropsychological Perspective, Byron P. Rourke & Darren R. Fuerst, 1991, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-89862-767-2) - (explains the link between certain L.D. subtypes (esp. NLD) and difficulties in psychosocial functioning).

Neuropsychological Assessment, Muriel Deutsch Lezak, 1995, Oxford University Press (ISBN # 0-19509-031-4)

Neuropsychological Assessment of Children: A Treatment-Oriented Approach, Byron P. Rourke, John L. Fisk, and John D. Strang, 1986, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-89862-676-5)

Neuropsychological Validation of Learning Disability Subtypes, edited by Byron P. Rourke, 1991, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-898862-446-0)

Neuropsychology for Occupational Therapists : Assessment of Perception and Cognition, June I. Grieve, 1993, Blackwell Science Inc. (ISBN # 0-63203-303-7)

Neuropsychology of Learning Disabilities: Essentials of Subtype Analysis, edited by Byron P. Rourke, 1985, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN #0-89862-644-7)

Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: The Syndrome and the Model, Byron P. Rourke, 1989, The Guilford Press, NY (ISBN#0-89862-378-2)

No One to Play With: The Social Side of Learning Disabilities, Betty B. Osman, 1982, Random House, NY (ISBN # ??)

Right Hemisphere Communication Disorders: Theory and Management, Connie A. Tompkins, 1994, Singular Publishing Group, CA (ISBN #0-56593-176-9)

Shadow Syndromes, John J. Ratey and Catherine Johnson, 1997, Pantheon Books division of Random House, NY (ISBN #0-679-43968-4) - (doesn’t refer to NLD specifically, but informative about the biological origins of many of the NLD characteristics, how brain chemicals and structure affect moods and personality, etc.)

Star Shaped Pegs, Square Holes, Kathy Allen, (written to help the child, aged 10-14 years, understand NLD). available from: Unicycle Press, 1076 Lynn St., Livermore, California 94550  Order through Goodenough Books 925-443-4354

Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Neurodevelopmental Manifestations, B.P. Rourke (Ed.), 1995, Guilford Press, NY (ISBN # 0-89862-155-0)

Teaching Your Child the Language of Social Success, Marshall P. Duke, Stephen Nowicki, Jr., and Elisabeth A. Martin, 1996, Peachtree Publishers, GA (ISBN #1-56145-126-6) - (crammed with tips for improving nonverbal skills)

The ABCs of Learning Disabilities, Bernice Y.L. Wong, 1996, (ISBN #0-12-762545-3).

The Difficult Child, Stanley Turecki, 1989, Bantam Books, NY (ISBN #0-553-34446-3)

The Misunderstood Child: A guide for parents of children with learning disabilities, Larry Silver, 1992, TAB - McGraw-Hill, PA (ISBN # ??) - (written for parents, readable, supportive, & informative).

The Source for Nonverbal Learning Disorders (formerly "I Shouldn’t Have to Tell you! A Guide to Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disorders"), Sue Thompson, M.A., C.E.T. , 1997. Available from: LinguiSystems Inc., 1-800-776-4332 or 1-309-755-2300. (Terrific book! Non-technical, full of NLD information and strategies, strongly recommended for parents and teachers).

When You Worry About the Child You Love: Emotional and Learning Problems in Children, Edward Hallowell, 1996, Simon & Schuster, NY (ISBN #0-684-80090-X) - (good information on a variety of disorders and characteristics, including NLD. Very readable, and full of practial tips).

ARTICLES:

(mostly from journals available at university medical +/or education libraries)

"Academic achievement and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children with left- or right-hemisphere dysfunction," W.B.Branch, M.J.Cohen et al, 1995, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 28, pgs. 35- ?.

"Academic and extracurricular aspects of nonverbal learning disabilities," M.B. Denckla, 1991, Psychiatr.Ann., Vol. 21, No. 12, pgs. 717-724.

"Adaptive behavior: Designator of a continuum of severity of learning-disabled individuals," C. Weller, S. Strawser & M. Buchanan, 1985, Journal of Learning Disabilities, pgs. 200-204.

"Adaptive behavior of subtypes of learning-disabled individuals," C. Weller & S. Strawser, 1987, Journal of Special Education, Vol. 21, pgs. 101-115.

"Adult outcomes of central processing deficiencies in childhood," B.P. Rourke, G.C. Young, J.D. Strang, & D.L. Russell. In I. Grant & K.M. Adams (eds.), Neuro-psychological assessment in neuropsychiatric disorders: Clinical methods and empirical findings, 1986, Oxford University Press, NY, pgs. 244-267.

"Adult presentations of learning disabilities," B.P. Rourke & J.L. Fisk, in Clinical Syndromes in Adult Neuropsychology: The Practitioner’s Handbook, Elsevier Science Publishers, 1992, pgs. 451-473.

"Adult suicide versus coping with nonverbal learning disorder," B.Kowalchuk & J.D.King, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 3, pgs 177-178.

"Arithmetic disabilities, specific and otherwise: a neuropsychological perspective," B.P. Rourke, 1993, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol.26, No. 4, pgs. 214-226.

"Associative learning in children with perinatal brain injury," J.Schatz, S.Craft, M.Koby, T.S.Park, 1997, Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 3, No. 6, pgs. 521-527.

"Auditory, visual, and multisensory nonverbal social perception in adolescents with and without learning disabilities," D.H.Sisterhen, P.J. Gerber, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 4, pgs. 245-249.

"Autism, Asperger's syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?" D.V.M. Bishop, 1989, British Journal of Disorders of Communications, Vol. 24, pgs. 107-121.

"Behavioral characteristics of children with Turner syndrome and children with learning disabilities," J.K. Williams, 1994, Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 16, No. 1, pgs. 26-35.

"Behavioral manifestations of neuropsychological impairment in children with psychiatric disorders," M.G. Tramontana, S.R. Hooper & E.M. Nardolillo, 1988, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 3, pgs. 369-374.

"Boys with Asperger's disorder, exceptional verbal intelligence, tics, and clumsiness," R.Nass, R.Gutman, 1997, Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, Vol. 39, No. 10, pgs. 691-695.

"Cerebral white matter and cognition in hydrocephalic children," J.M.Fletcher, T.P.Bohan, M.E.Brandt, B.L.Brookshire et al, 1992, Archives of Neurology, Vol. 49, No. 8, pgs. 818-824.

"Characteristics of young learning-disabled children classified according to patterns of academic achievement: Auditory-perceptual and visual-perceptual abilities," E.J. Ozols & B.P. Rourke, 1988, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol. 17, pgs. 44-52.

"A Childhood learning disability that predisposes those afflicted to adolescent and adult depression and suicide risk," B.P. Rourke, G.C. Young & A.A. Leenaars, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22., No. 3, pgs. 169-175.

"Children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis 1: a behavioral phenotype, "C.Dilts, J.Carey, J.Kircher, R.Hoffman, D.Creel, K.Ward, E.Clark, C.Leonard, 1996, Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 17, No. 4, pgs. 229-239.

"Clumsy children--a review of recent research," C.Hulme, R.Lord, 1986, Child: Care, Health and Development, Vol. 12, No. 4, pgs. 257-269.

"Cluster analysis of children and adolescents with brain damage and learning disabilities using neuropsychological, psychoeducational, and sociobehavioral variables," D.L.Williams, B.E.Gridley, K.Fitzhugh-Bell, 1992, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 25, No. 5, pgs. 290-299.

"Cognitive correlates of social perception in students with learning disabilities," H.B.Reiff, P.J.Gerber, 1990, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 23, No. 4, pgs. 260-262.

"Cognitive dysfunction and psychoeducational assessment in individuals with acquired brain injury," J.E.Obrzut, G.W.Hynd, G. W., 1987, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 20, pgs. 596-602.

"Cognitive functioning in patients with spina bifida, hydrocephalus, and the "cocktail party" syndrome," A.D.Hurley, C.Dorman, L.Laatsch, S.Bell et al, 1990, Developmental Neuropsychology, Vol. 6, No. 2, pgs. 151-172.

"Cognitive remediation of attention deficits and nonverbal learning disabilities following childhood cancer," Butler, R.W., Oregon Health Sciences University, Child Development & Rehabilitation Center, P.O. Box 574, Portland, OR 97207-0574.

"Comparison of visual-spatial performance strategy training in children with Turner Syndrome and Learning Disabilities," J.K.Williams et al, 1992, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 25, No. 10, pgs. 658-664.

"Comprehension of nonverbal communication: A re-examination of the social competencies of learning-disabled children," W.L. Stone & A.N. LaGreca, 1984, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 12, Pgs. 505-518.

"Concept-formation/non-verbal reasoning abilities of children who exhibit specific academic problems with arithmetic," J.D. Strang & B.P. Rourke, 1983, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol. 12, pgs. 33-39.

"Connecting the WS (Williams Syndrome) cognitive profile to educational strategies," N.Grejtak, article on the homepage of the Williams Syndrome Association (available on the internet at http://www.williams-syndrome.org/survey.htm)

"Developmental learning disabilities of the right hemisphere: Emotional, interpersonal, and cognitive components," S. Weintraub & M.M. Mesulam, 1983, Archives of Neurology, Vol. 40, pgs. 463-468.

"Developmental right-hemisphere syndrome: Clinical spectrum of the nonverbal learning disability," V. Gross-Tsur, R.S. Shalev, O. Manor & N. Amir, 1995, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 28, No. 2, pgs. 80-86.

"Differences between learning disability subtypes classified using the revised Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery," J.T.Davis, G.Parr, W.Lan, 1997, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 3, pgs. 346-352.

"Disabilities of arithmetic and mathematical reasoning: perspectives from neurology and neuropsychology," B.P.Rourke, J.A.Conway, 1997, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 1, pgs. 34-46.

"Dyscalculia and dyslexia after right hemisphere injury in infancy," H. Levin, J. Scheller, T. Rickard, J. Grafman, K. Martinkowski, M. Winslow, S. Mirvis, 1996, Archives of Neurology, Vol. 53, No. 1, pgs. 88-96.

"Effects of methylphenidate on attention and nonverbal learning in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder," K.O’Toole, A.Abramowitz, R.Morris, M. Dulcan, 1997, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 36, No. 4, pgs. 531-538.

"Electrophysiological evidence of lateralized disturbances in children with learning disabilities," A.J.Mattson, D.E.Sheer, J.M.Fletcher, 1992, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 14, No. 5, pgs. 707-716.

"Emotional-behavioral patterns in children with learning disabilities: Lateralized hemispheric differences," G. Glosser & S. Koppell, 1987, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 20, pgs. 365-368.

"Evidence for a right-hemisphere developmental learning disability," D. Tranel, L.E. Hall, S. Olson & N.N. Tranel, 1987, Developmental Neuropsychology, Vol. 3, pgs. 113-127.

"Evidence of nonverbal learning disability among learning disabled boys with sensory integrative dysfunction," T. Humphries, K. Krekewich, L. Snider, 1996, Perceptual Motor Skills, Vol. 82, No. 3, pt. 1, pgs. 979-987.

"Facial affect recognition in children: a comparison of the performance of children with right and left hemisphere lesions," K.K.Voeller, J.A.Hanson, R.N.Wendt, 1988, Neurology, Vol. 38, No. 11, pgs. 1744-1748.

"A Follow-up study of high-functioning autistic children", P.Szatmari et al, 1989, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 19, No. 2, pgs. 213-225.

"An Hypothesis regarding the commonality of right-hemisphere involvement in learning disability, attentional disorder, and childhood major depressive disorder,"R.A.Brumback, R.D.Staton, 1982, Perceptual Motor Skills, Vol. 55, No. 3, Pt. 2, pgs. 1091-1097.

"Incidental white-matter foci on MRI in "healthy" subjects: evidence of subtle cognitive dysfunction," K.Baum, C.Schulte, W.Girke, F.Reischies, R.Felix, 1996, Neuroradiology, Vol. 38, No. 8, pgs. 755-760.

"Indices of verbal learning and memory deficits after right hemisphere stroke," P.O.Welte, 1993, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 74, No. 6, pgs. 631-636.

"Intelligence as a predictor of nonverbal learning with learning-disabled children," R.S. Dean, 1983, Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 3, pgs. 437-441.

"Intelligence, behaviour and psychosocial development in Turner syndrome. A cross-sectional study of 50 pre-adolescent and adolescent girls (4-20 years)," A.Swillen, J.P.Fryns, A.Kleczkowska, G.Massa, M.Vanderschueren-Lodeweyckx , H.Van den Berghe H, 1993, Genetic Counseling, Vol. 4, No. 1, pgs. 7-18.

"Interrelationships between problem solving ability, right hemisphere processing facility and mathematics learning," M. Battistia, 1980, Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, Vol. 2, pgs. 53-60.

"Learning problems in neurofibromatosis patients", S.Stine, W.Adams, 1989, Clinical Orthopedics, Vol. 245, pgs. 43-48.

"MRI and nonverbal cognitive deficits in children with neurofibromatosis 1," H.Bawden, J.Dooley, D.Buckley, P.Camfield, K.Gordon, M.Riding, G.Llewellyn, 1996, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 18, No. 6, pgs. 784-792.

"Motor, visual spatial, and somatosensory skills after closed head injury in children and adolescents: A study of change," N.M.Thompson, D.J.Francis, D. J., K.K.Steubing, J.M.Fletcher, 1994, Neuropsychology, Vol. 8, pgs. 333-342.

"Neurobehavioral profiles of children with neurofibromatosis 1 referred for learning disabilities are sex-specific," C.Chapman, D.Waber, N.Bassett, D.Urion, B.Korf, 1996, American Journal of Medical Genetics (?), Vol. 67, No. 2, pgs. 127-132.

"Neurocognitive characteristics of individuals with resistance to thyroid hormone: comparisons with individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder," M.A.Stein, R.E.Weiss, S.S.Refetoff, 1995, Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 16, No. 6, pgs. 406-411.

"Neurofibromatosis and psychological processes," C.Varnhagen, S.Lewin, J.Das, P.Boewn, K.Ma, M.Klimek, 1988, Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 9, No. 5, pgs. 257-265.

"Neurofibromatosis: implications for learning and behavior," M.Eliason, 1986, Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, Vol. 7, No. 3, pgs. 175-179.

"Neurofibromatosis type 1 in childhood: a study of the neuropsychological profile in 45 children," E.Legius, M.J.Descheemaeker, A.Spaepen. P.Casaer, J.P.Fryns, 1994, Genetic Counseling, Vol. 5, No. 1, pgs. 51-60.

"Neurofibromatosis type 1: the cognitive phenotype", K.J.Hofman, E.L.Harris, R.N.Bryan, M.B.Denckla, 1994, Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 124, No. 4, pgs. S1-S8.

"Neuropsychological and behavioral profiles of empirically derived subgroups of learning-disabled children," N.L. Nussbaum & E.D. Bigler, 1986, International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 8, pgs. 82-89.

"A Neuropsychological approach to the assessment of adults with learning disabilities in vocational rehabilitation," C.A.Michaels, J.W.Lazar, D.A.Risucci, 1997, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 5, pgs. 544-551.

"Neuropsychological aspects of arithmetic performance in learning disability," E. Batchelor, J.Grey & R.S. Dean, 1990, International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 12, pgs. 90-94.

"Neuropsychological assessment of children with learning disabilities: Measurement issues," B.P. Rourke, 1994, in Neuropsychology and Learning Disabilities, (publisher - ? ) Pgs. 475-514.

"Neuropsychological assessment of developmental learning disabilities in adults," L.C.Vincent, 1996, Semin. Speech and Language, Vol. 17, No. 3, Pgs. 183-200.

"Neuropsychological characteristics of children with Tourette syndrome: evidence for a nonverbal learning disability?," B. Brookshire, I. Butler, L. Ewing-Cobbs, J.Fletcher, 1994, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 16, No. 2, pgs. 289-302.

"Neuropsychological consequences of traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents," J.Lord-Maes, J.E.Janiece-Obrzut, 1996, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 29, pgs. 609- ? .

"Neuropsychological disturbances of hydrocephalic children with implications for special education and rehabilitation," I.S. Baron, E.Goldberger, 1993, Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, Special Issue: Issues in the neuropsychological rehabilitation of children with brain dysfunction, Vol. 3, No. 4, pgs. 389-410.

"Neuropsychological functioning in children with spina bifida and/or hydrocephalus". Special Issue: The neuropsychological basis of disorders affecting children and adolescents, K.E.Wills, 1993, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 2, pgs. 247-265.

"Neuropsychological functioning of hydrocephalic children", J.Donders, B.P.Rourke, A.I.Canady, 1991, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 13, No. 4, pgs. 607-613.

"Neuropsychological patterns of adolescents and young adults with spina bifida," J.H.Snow, M.Prince, G.Souheaver, E.Ashcraft et al, 1994, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 9, No. 3, pgs. 277-287.

"Neuropsychological profiles of children with learning disabilities and children with documented brain damage," S.Arffa, K.Fitzhugh-Bell, W.Black, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, pgs. 635- 640.

"Neuropsychological significance of right hemisphere cognitive mode in behavior disorders," J. Stellern, M. Marlowe, J. Jacobs & A. Cosairt, 1985, Behavioral Disorders, Vol. 2, pgs. 113-124.

"Neuropsychological significance of variations in patterns of academic performance: Motor, psychomotor, and tactile-perceptual abilities," B.P. Rourke and J.D. Strang, 1978, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 2, pgs. 62-66.

"Neuropsychological significance of variations in patterns of academic performance: Verbal and visual-spatial abilities," B.P. Rourke & M.A.J. Finlaysen, 1978, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 6, pgs. 121-133.

"Nonverbal intelligence and foreign language learning." Research Bulletin 73, I.Kristiansen, Helsini University, Dept. of Education, 1990, ERIC No. ED330206, Clearninghouse No. FL019071.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities", D.J.Johnson, 1987, Pediatric Annals, Vol. 16, No. 2, pgs. 133-141.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: A distinct group within our population," T. Humphries. (approx. 1992 .. a brief article published by the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario, to familiarize parents and professionals with NLD)

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: An Emerging Profile," C.Frankenberger, Ed.M. (available on the internet at: http://www.NLDline.com/frankenb.htm)

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities and Remedial Interventions", J.M.Foss, 1991, Annals of Dyslexia, Vol. 41, pgs. 128-140.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities and Socioemotional Functioning: A review of recent literature," S.S.Little, 1993, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 26, No.10, pgs. 653-665.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities and Suicide: Classification leads to prevention", J.M.Fletcher, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 3, pgs. 176/179.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, Asperger’s syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder -- should we care?" R.A.Brumback, C.R.Harper, W.A.Weinberg, 1996, Journal of Child Neurology, Vol. 11, No. 6, pgs. 427-429.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Assessment and Intervention," Helmer R. Myklebust, in Progress in Learning Disabilities, 1975, Grune & Stratton, NY, pgs. 85-121.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities in the Adult Framed in the Model of Human Occupation," S.A.Cermak & E.Murray, in N.Katz (Ed.), Cognitive Rehabilitation Models for Intervention in Occupational Therapy, 1992, Andover Medical, Boston, pgs. 258-291.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, socioemotional disturbance, and suicide: A reply to Fletcher, Kowalchuk and King, and Bigler," B.P.Rourke, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 3, pgs. 186-187.

"Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: The Syndrome and A Case Study," B.P. Rourke, J.E. Del Dott, S.B. Rourke & J.E. Casey, 1990, Journal of School Psychology, Vol. 28, pgs. 361-385.

"Nonverbal Learning Disability, School Behavior, and Dyslexia," N.A.Badian, 1992, Annals of Dyslexia, Vol. 42, pgs. 159-178.

"Nonverbal Learning Disorders," S.Thompson, 1996(?), Fall/Winter edition of The Gram, LDA-CA, 851 Burlway Road, Suite 716, Burlingame, California 94010. (available on Internet www.nldline.com)

"Nonverbal Learning Disorders Revisited in 1997," S.Thompson, 1997, available  on www.nldline.co

Objectively Identifying the Cocktail Party Syndrome Among Children with Spina Bifida," C.Stough, T.Nettleback, G.Ireland, 1988, Exceptional Child, Vol. 35, No. 1, pgs. 23-30.

"On the Neuropsychology of Suicide," E.D.Bigler, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 3, pgs. 180-185.

"Peaceful Coexistence: Autism, Asperger’s, Hyperlexia," Lynn Richman, adapted from a 1996 presentation (contains information on NLD). (available on the internet at:  http://www.hyperlexia.org/aha_winter9697.html)

"Perception and interpretation of nonverbally expressed emotions by adolescents with learning disabilities," E.H. Wiig & S.P. Harris, 1974, Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 38, pgs. 239-245.

"Personality Inventory for Children: Characteristics of Learning Disabled Children with Emotional Problems and of Emotionally Disturbed Children with Learning Problems," G.B. Forbes, 1987, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, Vol. 16, pgs. 133-140.

"Principal identifying features of the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities in children," M. Harnadek & B.P. Rourke, 1994, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 27, pg. 144 - ? ) (available on the internet at: http://www.NLDline.com/rourke.htm)

"Psychosocial dimensions of learning disability subtypes," B.P.Rourke, D.E.Fuerst (1996), Assessment, Vol. 3, No. 3.

"Psychosocial functioning of children: relations between personality subtypes and academic achievement," D.R.Fuerst & B.P.Rourke, 1993, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 6, pgs. 597-607.

"Psychosocial functioning of learning-disabled children: Relations between WISC Verbal IQ - Performance IQ discrepancies and personality subtypes," D. Fuerst, J.L. Fisk & B.P. Rourke, 1990, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 58, pgs. 657-660.

"Receptive prosody in children with left or right hemisphere dysfunction," M.J.Cohen, W.B.Branch, G.W.Hynd, 1994, Brain and Language, Vol. 47, No. 2, pgs. 171-181.

"Relationships among academic, neuropsychological, and intellectual status in subtypes of adults with learning disability," G.Goldstein, L.Katz, G.Slomka, M.A.Kelly, 1993, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 8, pgs. 41-53.

"Right cerebral hemispheric function: behavioral correlates," W.H. Reeves, 1983, International Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 18, Nos. 3-4, pgs. 227-230.

"Right-hemisphere deficit syndrome in children," K.K.S. Voeller, 1986, American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 143, pgs. 1004-1009.

"Right hemisphere involvement in learning disability, attention deficit disorder, and childhood major depressive disorder," R.A.Brumback, R.D.Staton, 1982, Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 8, No. 5, pgs. 505-514.

"Right hemisphere learning disability associated with left hemisphere dysfunction: anomalous dominance and development," T.A.Sandson, D.S.Manoach, B.H.Price, D.Rentz, S.Weintraub, 1994, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Vol. 47, No. 9, pgs. 1129-1132.

"Right hemispheric dysfunction in nonverbal learning disabilities: Social, academic, and adaptive functioning in adults and children," M. Semrud-Clikeman & G.W. Hynd, 1990, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 107, pgs. 196-209.

"Right-hemispheric involvement in the perception and expression of emotion in norman humans," M.P. Bryden and R.G. Ley. In K.M. Heilman & P. Satz (eds.), The neuropsychology of human emotion, 1983, Guilford Press, NY, pgs. 6-44.

"Significance of WISC Verbal-Performance discrepancies for younger children with learning disabilities," B.P. Rourke, D.M. Dietrich & G.C. Young, 1973, Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 36, pgs. 275-282.

"Socioemotional disturbances of learning-disabled children," B.P. Rourke, 1988, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 56, pgs. 801-810.

"Socio-emotional disturbances of learning disabled children: The role of central processing deficits," B.P. Rourke & J.L. Fisk, 1981, Bulletin of the Orton Society, Vol. 31, pgs. 77-88.

"Spatial dysfunctions in young children with right hemisphere injury", J. Stiles-Davis. In J. Stiles-Davis & M. Kritchevsky (eds.), Spatial cognition brain bases and development, 1988, Lawrence Erlbaum, NJ, pgs. 251-272.

"Spatial grouping ability in young children with congenital right or left hemisphere brain injury," J.Shies, R.Nass, R., 1991, Brain and Cognition, Vol. 15, pgs. 201-222.

"Specific learning disability in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: significance of MRI abnormalities," K.North, P.Joy, D.Yuille, N.Cocks, E.Mobbs, P.Hutchins, K.McHugh, M.de Silva, 1994, Neurology, Vol. 44, No. 5, pgs. 878-883.

"Spontaneous Talkers Among Students with Learning Disabilities: Implications of Right Cerebral Dysfunction," L.A. Suzuki & D.A. Leton, 1989, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 22, No. 6, pgs. 397-399.

"Stress, Anxiety, Panic, and Phobias: Secondary to NLD," S.Thompson, 1998, article published in The Gram, LDA-CA, 851 Burlway Road, Suite 716, Burlingame, California 94010. (available on the internet at: http://www.ldaca.org/gram/thompsn2.htm)

"Students with nonverbal learning disabilities," J.M.Foss (available on the internet at: http://www.NLDline.com/jean_fos.htm)

"Subtypes of learning-disabled children: Implications for a neurodevelopmental model of differential hemispheric processing," B.P. Rourke & J.L. Fisk. In D.L. Molfese & S.J. Segalowitz (eds.) Brain lateralization in children: Developmental implications, 1988, Guilford Press, NY, pgs. 547-565.

"Syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities: Age differences in neuro-psychological, academic, and socioemotional functioning," J.E. Casey, B.P. Rourke & E. Picard, 1991, Development and Psychopathology (no vol./pg. given)

"Syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities: Developmental manifestations in neurological disease, disorder, and dysfunction," B.P. Rourke, 1988, The Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 2, pgs. 293-330."

"Syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities: Psycholinguistic assets and deficits," B.P. Rourke & K.D. Tsatsanis, 1996, Topics in Language Disorders, Vol. 16, No. 2, Pgs. 30-44.

"Syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities: The final common pathway of white-matter disease/dysfunction?" B.P. Rourke, 1987, The Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 1, pgs. 209-234.

"Teaching Approach for Developing Nonverbal Communication Skills in Students with Social Perception Deficits," Esther Minskoff, 1980, Journal of Learning Disabilities. Part 1: The basic approach and body language cues, Vol. 13, No. 3, pgs. 118-124; Part 2: Proxemic, vocalic, and artifactual cues, Vol. 13, No. 4, pgs. 203-208.

"The neuropsychology of social-emotional learning disabilities," M.B. Denckla, 1983, Archives of Neurology, Vol. 40, pgs. 461-462.

"The relationship between learning disabilities, emotional disorders, and neuropsychology: Some results and observations," O. Spreen, 1989, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 11, Pgs. 117-140.

"The relationships between WISC Verbal-Performance discrepancies and selected verbal, auditory-perceptual, visual-perceptual, and problem-solving abilities in children with learning disabilities," B.P. Rourke, G.C. Young & R.W. Flewelling, 1971, Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 27, pgs. 475-479.

"The social misperception syndrome in children with learning disabilities: Social causes versus neurological variables," C.Sullivan Spafford & G.S. Grosser, 1993, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 26, No. 3, Pgs. 178-189.

"The validity of distinguishing children with language and learning disabilities according to discrepancies with IQ: introduction to the special series, " J.M.Fletcher, 1992, Journal of Learning Disabilities, Vol. 25, No. 9, pgs. 546-548.

"Treatment programme for the child with NLD", B.P. Rourke, Ph.D., Dept. of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4.

"Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disability (NVLD)," Wendy Heller, 1997, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Table of Contents: The Neural Substrate for Nonverbal Functioning: Specialized Functions of the Right Hemisphere, Developmental Processes and Dysfunction of the Right Hemisphere: Implications for Learning and Social Perception, Characteristics of Nonverbal Learning Disability, and Special Strategies for Intervention and Treatment. (available on the internet at: http://www-courses.cs.uiuc.edu/~c-tsai4/cs302/index.html)

"Validity and neuropsychological characterization of Asperger syndrome: convergence with nonverbal learning disabilities syndrome," A.Klin, F.R.Volkmar, S.S.Sparrow, D.V.Cicchetti, B.P. Rourke, 1995, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 36 (7), pgs. 1127-1140.

"Verbal and nonverbal communication of events in learning-disabled subtypes", K.A. Loveland, J.M. Fletcher & V. Bailey, 1990, Journal of Clinical and Experiemental Neuropsychology, Vol. 12, pgs. 433-447.

"Verbal and nonverbal skill discrepancies in children with hydrocephalus: a five-year longitudinal follow-up," B.L. Brookshire, J.M.Fletcher, T.P.Bohan, S.H.Landry, K.C.Davidson, D.J.Francis, 1995, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 20, No. 6, pgs. 785-800.

"Verbal and nonverbal skill discrepancies in hydrocephalic children," J.M.Fletcher, D.J.Francis, N.M.Thompson, B.L.Brookshire et al, 1992, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 14, No. 4, pgs. 593-609.

"Verbal Learning Strategies of Adolescents and Adults with the Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities," N.J.Fisher, J.W.DeLuca, 1997, Child Neuropsychology, Vol. 3, No. 3, pgs. 192-198.

"What is Nonverbal Learning Disorder Syndrome?," Emily S. Fudge, Spring 1997 issue of the Hydrocephalus Association Newsletter. (available on the internet at :http://marin.org/edu/matrix/faqnonverbal.html)

"Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and Halstead Category Test performances of children and adolescents who exhibit the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities," 1997, Child Neuropsychology, Vol. 3, No. 1, pgs. 61-70.

AUDIO TAPES OF CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS:

1. "Assessing and Diagnosing the Individual with Nonverbal Learning Disorders," Diane Kosters, Ph.D., from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: Gives general overview of NLD. Discusses the types of deficient performances, as well as the assessment and diagnosis of NLD.

(Order from: Contemporary Medical Education,

913 San Ramon Valley Blvd., Suite 288, Danville, Calif. 94526

tel. 1-800-238-9009, or 1-510-944-4894)

e-mail: cont-ed@silicon.com

web site: http://www.contemp-med-ed.com/home.html

2. "Educational Interventions for the Child with Nonverbal Learning Disorders," Sue Thompson, M.A., C.E.T. & Judith Paton, M.A., from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: Discusses auditory effects of NLD; ways to compensate, accommodate, modify and strategies within various environments; educational interventions; and recommendations for transition into other activities.

(same order information as #1)

3." Learning Disabilities & Psychoemotional Functioning: The relation between learning disabilities and socioemotional disturbance, with particular attention to the syndrome of nonverbal learning disabilities," Byron P. Rourke, from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of Quebec, 1993.

(Order from: Audio Archives & Duplicators Inc.,

100 West Beaver Creek Road, Unit 18, Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada L4B 1H4

tel. 905-889-6555, ext. 22, fax 905-889-6566)

e-mail: archives@direct.com

4. "Making Sense of Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities," Ray Petrauskas, Ph.D., from the Annual Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario, 1995.

(same order information as #3)

5. "Psychological Interventions for the Child with Nonverbal Learning Disorders," Kathryn Stewart, Ph.D., from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: Discusses overview of NLD, including definition, academic, perceptual and social/emotional areas; deferentiating and/or overlap with other diagnoses, incuding Bipolar, OCD, ADHD; treatment issues including anxiety, inappropriate behaviors, social consequences, family management and educational programs; and the use of cognitive behavioral interventions for anxiety management, feedback gathering, impulsivity training, intrusive thoughts and games.

(same order information as #1)

6. "Social Skills Training for Nonverbal Communication," Maria Antoniadis, Ph.D. & Kathryn McCarthy, Ph.D., from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: Discusses treatment models of social skills groups; defines social competence; addresses nonverbal communication and specific socioemotional/adaptational difficulties of NLD; and describes general principals of intervention in NLD and group treatment programs.

(same order information as #1)

7. "The Nonverbal Disabilities: Dense, Dyslogic, Self-Defeating," E. Westhead, J. Blalock, K.N. Gregg, International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1990.

( Order from: Info Medix, 12800 Garden Grove Blvd., Suite F, Garden Grove, Calif. 92643

tel: 1-800-367-9286 - US & Canada

or : 1-714-530-3454 - international

fax: 1-714-537-3244)

8. "Advocating for the Individual with Nonverbal Learning Disorders," from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: Discusses eligibility for special education, eligibility under section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individualized Educational Plan (IEP), and implementing and monitoring the student’s program.

(same order information as #1)

9. "The Hand, Handwriting, and the Child with Nonverbal Learning Disorders," Peg Bledsoe, M.A., O.T.R., from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1997. Description: An Occupational Therapist discusses components of movement needed for writing, development of the arm and relating it to NLD dysfunction, factors in the environment impacting the NLD child, strateigies for help develop hand function, and suggestions for home activities.

(same order information as #1)

10. "The Neurobiology of Developmental Disorders of Reading, Attention & Right Hemispheric Function: Implications for Academic & Social Emotional Adjustment," Duane Drake, M.D., from an April/97 Menninger Clinic conference on "Dyslexia: Assessment & Clinical Management of Language-Based Disorders"

(2 tapes - order # 040795-A/B)

(order from: Division of Continuing Education, The Menninger Clinic

PO Box 829, Topeka, Kansas 66601-0829

tel. 1-800-288-7377 (in U.S. only)

fax 1-785-273-9941)

11. Aspergers Syndrome/Nonverbal Learning Disability, Bruce F. Pennington, Ph.D., from an April/97 Menninger Clinic conference on "Differential Diagnosis of Learning Disorders: Principles for Understanding, Identification & Treatment"

(1 tape - order #041897-D)

(same order information as #10)

12. "Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive Development Disorders and Learning Disabilities: Similarities and Differences," Peter Szatmari, M.D., FRCP, from the Annual Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario, 1995.

(same order information as #3)

13. "Development and Preservation of Self-Esteem in Young Children with Language or Social Communication Disorders," Mary Carr & Sylvia Stultz, from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Discusses identification, causes, and management of developmental motor, language, communication and social skill disorders in young children, and highlights programs and strategies for intervention encouraging the promotion and maintenance of good self-esteem.

(1 tape - Order #R130-T6)

(same order information as #7)

14. "Nonverbal Learning Disabilities and Social Disabilities: If Not Verbal, What ARE They?" Martha B. DVenckla, M.D., Peter Hauser, M.D., & Kenneth Bonnet, Ph.D., from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Presents systematic descriptions of, and the latest research findings and treatment methods for the LD’s that do not primarily involve language functions but include learning and social disabilities and associated conditions that are well defined. Asperger Syndrome, high-functioning autism, Williams Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, neurofibroma, Fragile X, thyroid receptor deletions, streptococcal-triggered autoimmune disorders (PANDAS), Kallman’s Syndrome, and others.

(2 tapes - Order #R130-T28AB)

(same order information as #7)

15. "Pragmatics to Ponder: A Program for Teaching Social Language Skills to Children with Learning Disabilities in the Upper Elementary Grades," Ellen Fye, M.A., CCC-SLP & Joyce Mange, M.A., from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Provides an overview of a program designed to teach children with learning disabilities the pragmatic language skills important for successful social communication.

(1 tape - Order #R130-T54)

(same order information as #7)

16. "Attention Deficit Disorder in Children with Nonverbal Learning Disability: Theoretical, Clinical, and Empirical Evidence," Warren Rosen, Ph.D., John Bartok, Ph.D., from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Explores the nature of attentional difficulties seen in children with NLD and how they relate to ADHD. Presenters draw on theoretical models, empirical evidence, and case presentations to describe and conceptualize these attentional problems.

(1 tape - Order #R130-F5)

(same order information as #7)

17. "Neurological Problems that Might First be Noticed by Evidence of Academic Difficulties," Roger Brumback, M.D., from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Reviews neurological disorders, that might first be noticed by academic difficulties in the classroom, and side effects of treatments for certain neurological disorders that result in academic difficulties. Provides information to help parents, classroom teachers, and professionals consider neurological disorders when assessing a child with academic difficulties. (1 tape - Order #R130-F16)

(same order information as #7)

18. "Teaching Social Skills to Children with Learning Disabilities", Marlene Gustafson, Lenny Kaufman, Ph.D., Ann Rowe, Ph.D. & Marsha Hanou, M.A., from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1998. Description: Addresses a variety of effective ways of teaching social skills to children with learning disabilities in a group setting, presenting specific games, strategies, and problem solving methods.

(1 tape - Order #R130-F20)

(same order information as #7)

19. "A Symposium on Common Neurological Disorders that Manifest Learning Disabilities and Problems of Attention and Behavior," from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1996.

(3 tapes - Order # J122-T4ABC)

(same order information as #7)

20. "Learning Disabilities and the Right Brain - "The Clumsy Child Syndrome" Revisited, G. Cirkovic, from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1996. (1 tape - Order # J122-S6)

(same order information as #7)

21. "Asperger Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Imaging, Brain Diagnostic and Medical Findings," A. Klin, M. Bristol, C. Gillberg, M. Ghazziudin, from the International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1997. (3 tapes - Order # MQ122-T11ABC)

(same order information as #7)

VIDEOTAPES:

All are produced by WETA/LD Online.

None deal with NLD specifically, but they’re all informative.

Video/audio clips, summaries, and ordering information are available at: http://www.ldonline.org/ld_store/ldproject.html )

"How Difficult Can This Be? The F.A.T. City Workshop." Richard Lavoie

"Last One Picked ... First One Picked On." Learning Disabilities and Social Skills. Richard Lavoie

"When the Chips Are Down ... Strategies for Improving Children's Behavior. " Learning Disabilities and Discipline. Richard Lavoie

"Look What You've Done! Stories of Hope and Resilience." Learning Disabilities and Self-Esteem. Robert Brooks

(note: sometimes tapes are available for borrowing from local Learning Disabilities Associations)

WEBSITES:

NLD specifically:

1. "NLDline"

http://www.NLDline.com

By far the most comprehensive site on the net for NLD information! Several articles, links to other sites, references for tapes & written material, tips for parents and teachers, and lots more.

2. "Nonverbal Learning Disabilities"

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Academy/1644/frNLDEng.htm

A new site that contains Dutch and some English information about NLD.

"Tera’s NLD Jumpstation"

3. http://www.geocities.com/HotSprings/Spa/7262/

This is a nice site created by an 18-year old girl named Tera Kirk. Contains an informative and upbeat, readable personal account of her experiences growing up with NLD, and provides links to other sites.

BULLETIN BOARDS, where parents and professionals post messages and exchange information and personal stories about learning disabilities, neuropsychological disorders, etc. - including occasional messages about NLD:

1. "Family Education Network"

http://connect.familyeducation.com/webx/webx.dll

2. "Family Village - Same Diagnosis Message Board"

http://laran.waisman.wisc.edu/fv/queries/msg_diag.idc

3. "LD Online Bulletin Boards"

http://www.ldonline.org/bulletin_boards/index.html

4. "Neuropsychology Central - Online Forum"

http://www.premier.net/~cogito/wwwboard/wwwboard.html

5. "AOL Message Board" (for AOL users only):

Go to KEYWORD: "Education" > Resources for Educators > Teachers’ Lounge > Special Education Forum > Message Board > Nonverbal Learning Disorder2.

MISCELLANEOUS SITES:

Attention Deficit Disorder:

1. ADDNet UK - http://www.web-tv.co.uk/addnet.html

2. CH.A.D.D. - http://www.chadd.org/

Anxiety disorders

1. Anxiety Disorders Association of America - http://www.adaa.org/contents.htm

Asperger Syndrome

1. On-Line Asperger Syndrome Information & Support -

http://www.udel.edu/bkirby/asperger/NLD_SueThompson.html

Hyperlexia

1. American Hyperlexia Association - http://www.hyperlexia.org/

2. Canadian Hyperlexia Association - http://hyperlexia.ca

Learning Disabilities (generally)

1. LD Online - http://www.ldonline.org/

2. Learning Disabilities Association (of America) - http://www.ldanatl.org/

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder

1. Semantic Pragmatic Disorder - http://www.hyperlexia.org/gordysp1.html

Social Skills

1. LD Online - various articles -

http://www.ldonline.org/ld_indepth/social_skills/soc-skills.html

2. Social Stories - http://www.autism.org/stories.html

3. The Teacher’s Role in Developing Social Skills -

http://www.kidsource.com/LDA-CA/teacher.html

4. Social Skills Issues (adult) - http://novel.nifl.gov/nalld/socialsk.htm

Special Education Rights

1. Meeting the Needs of All Students -

http://inform.ospi.wednet.edu/sped/Publications/504.html

2. Special Education Rights and Responsibilities - http://www.pai-ca.org/pubs/504101.htm

3. How to Participate Effectively in the IEP Process - http://www.ldanatl.org/pamphlets/iep.html

______________________________________________________________________________

NLD references Last updated: April 1998